Chumash Native American Museum & Village ~ Ventura County, California.



PHOTO: Wishtoyo Chumash Indian Village, Malibu.

The Chumash are a maritime culture, known as hunters and gatherers heavily dependent on marine resources. Their canoes, tomols, enable them to fish and trade, traveling up and down the coast to other villages. Tomols are usually constructed from redwood logs.


The Chumash were not dependent upon farming, as were other Native American tribes. Acorns, seeds, bulbs, roots and nuts were abundant, as were fish, wild game, including bears, seals, otters, shellfish, deer and rabbits.


PHOTOS: Chumash Indian Museum, Thousand Oaks.

Chumash homes called aps are constructed of local plant materials of willow and tule. Baskets and mats are woven, and bones and plants are used for tools and clothing.

20151121_130101The Chumash are extremely innovative and resourceful, and find uses for everything that was and is available, including each part of almost every plant.

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Chumash rock art is a genre of paintings on caves, mountains, cliffs, or other living rock surfaces, created by the Chumash people of southern California.


Pictographs and petroglyphs are common through interior California.


The rock painting tradition thrived until the 19th century. Chumash rock art is considered to be some of the most elaborate rock art tradition in the region


The Chumash culture was one of the most unique and advanced in the continent, and there is much to learn from a people who understand the relationship between humankind and earth’s natural resources;


they revere the natural world, for they know life depends on it for survival.



Chumash Museum
3290 Lang Ranch Pkwy
Thousand Oaks, CA 91362


Wishtoyo Chumash Village
Nicholas Canyon County Beach Park
33904 Pacific Coast Hwy
Malibu, CA 90265



Wagon Wheel Restaurant and Bowling Alley. Oxnard, California.

(2005 photo 2005 photo of the Wagon Wheel Office and Restaurant, Oxnard, CA, USA.

The Wagon Wheel Motel and Restaurant was a famous office, motel and restaurant complex located in Oxnard, California, at the intersection of U.S. Route 101 and Pacific Coast Highway. Its convenient roadside location near the historic community of El Rio made it a popular stop for travelers between Los Angeles and Santa Barbara, particularly during its heyday in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s.

5797318780_18e96bc476Wagon Wheel Motel and Restaurant, Oxnard, California

It was considered to be an authentic extant example of American roadside architecture from the mid-century. The ranch-style office, motel and restaurant were originally built on the side of Highway 101 and Highway 101A (Alternate) in 1947. The office/restaurant complex incorporates a variety of roof lines, primarily low to medium pitched gables covered with wood shingles and punctuated by several decorative cupolas with weather vanes, and neon lighting.

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A free-standing 12-unit, two-story motel addition was completed in 1953. One of the most recognizable features of the motel was the giant neon sign that included an animated stagecoach driver and galloping horses.

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The Wagon Wheel Bowling Alley, 2801 Wagon Wheel Road is a 32-lane bowling alley built in the Wagon Wheel Junction across the street from the Wagon Wheel Motel in 1953.


Designed by the Beverly Hills architect, Arthur Froehlich, known for his mid-century supermarkets and racetracks including the Hollywood Park Racetrack, and the Hanna Barbera Studio in Los Angeles 1962.

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The building has planer wall surfaces, an over-scaled wing wall and plate glass windows; the bowling alley included a restaurant and banquet room and is an example of the type of reductive Modernism that enjoyed great popularity in the mid-century.

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ADDRESS:  2801 Wagon Wheel Road  Oxnard, California.



Llano Del Rio Ghost Town, Antelope Valley, California.



The desert east of Los Angeles is speckled with ghost towns, but none likely has a more interesting history than Llano Del Rio, a socialist commune settled by Job Harriman in 1915.



The Llano del Rio Colony settled in the southern edge of the Mojave Desert along Highway 138 near what is now 165th Street East, in the alluvial plain that spread out to the north from the San Gabriel Mountains.


The colony took advantage of water from Big Rock Creek, an intermittent stream that flowed from the San Gabriel Mountains.


Several structures were constructed using local granite boulders and lumber, including a hotel, meeting house, and water storage tank. There was also a small open aqueduct made of granite cobbles and cement.


Now all that remains of Llano Del Rio are a few chimneys, walls and foundations. Look north while driving down Highway 138 and you’ll see them.


The remnants of the built features are still visible at the site, which has been abandoned for decades.

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In Greek the word “utopia” sounds like “good place” but literally means “no place.” Seems like the right word for a socialist ghost town.


ADDRESS:  Pearl Blossom Highway, California State Route 195 GPS 34°30′23.3″N117°49′37.5″W


Boney Mountain ~ Thousand Oaks, California.


This hike includes some breathtaking up-close views of the shear rock faces of Boney mountain.


PHOTO: Over 150 archeological sites have been found indicating both permanent and transient occupation of the area by Chumash Native Americans.


Follow the Satwiwa Loop trail west past a pretty pond, then bear right at a quarter mile and head toward the Boney Mountain Trail across the open grassland.


Go left on the Boney mountain trail and follow above sycamore canyon to where it drops into the base of the canyon to a lovely waterfall a few hundred yards past the Hidden Valley Trail junction.


Backtrack to the Boney Mountain trail and continue upwards towards the Danielson Monument, bearing left at a trail marker pointing towards the monument.


From the monument/old cabin site, head south for about 1 mile to a stunning overlook of Boney Mountain, which is our turn-around point. You will see a bench like rock on the trail with an unforgettable view of the rock faces. Note that this last section of trail is very steep and it is not maintained, so use caution. Some hikers may want to continue on to the tri-peaks area.


ADDRESS: Lat:34.15322 Lon:-118.96565

From Highway 101/Ventura Freeway in Newbury Park, exit on Wendy Drive. Drive 2.5 miles south to Lynn Road and turn right. Continue a mile or so, then just past Reino road turn left into Rancho Sierra Vista/Satwiwa Park on the left side of the road.


Castle Rock to Bluff Lake, Big Bear Lake, California.

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Castle Rock Trail is a 1.6 mile out and back trail located near Big Bear Lake, California that features a great forest setting.

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Although it’s not a long hike, the elevation gain is 500 feet, making it a steep climb by any standards.

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From here its 0.5 of a mile of a steep trail then it levels out for another 0.5 of a mile of less steep trail. Castle Rock is a large 100 ft outcropping from immediately east of the saddle.  This trail offers spectacular views of the lake and an opportunity to see pines, white fir trees and cedars.
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Bluff Lake Reserve is Located at 7,600 feet, Bluff Lake Reserve has towering pines, a 20-acre lake and meadow, and majestic outcrops of quartz monzonite.

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The reserve includes Southern California’s finest intact mountain marsh and meadow complex that contains the federally threatened Bear Valley bluegrass (Poa atropurpurea), the federally endangered Big Bear checkerbloom (Sidalcea pedata) and California dandelion (Taraxacum californicum).


PHOTOS: Abandoned Stone Cottage from the early 1900’s!


Botanically the meadow is remarkable with 16 species of sedges (Carex), eight species of wire grass (Juncus) and 14 species of native grass. Mature forests of lodgepole pine, Jeffrey pine, and white fir surround the meadow. You may recognize the scenery as the location of the original Disney movie “Parent Trap,” and “Dr. Dolittle 2.”


LOCATION: GPS N34 14.202, W116 57.704


Southwest corner of Big Bear Lake.  From the 210 Freeway, take Highway 330 northeast for 15 miles to Highway 18 at Running Springs.  Head east on Highway 18 for 12.4 miles to the intersection with Highway 38 at the western end of Big Bear Lake.  Stay right and drive 1.2 miles to a turnout on the left side of the road.