PHOTO: Wishtoyo Chumash Indian Village, Malibu.
The Chumash are a maritime culture, known as hunters and gatherers heavily dependent on marine resources. Their canoes, tomols, enable them to fish and trade, traveling up and down the coast to other villages. Tomols are usually constructed from redwood logs.
The Chumash were not dependent upon farming, as were other Native American tribes. Acorns, seeds, bulbs, roots and nuts were abundant, as were fish, wild game, including bears, seals, otters, shellfish, deer and rabbits.
PHOTOS: Chumash Indian Museum, Thousand Oaks.
Chumash homes called aps are constructed of local plant materials of willow and tule. Baskets and mats are woven, and bones and plants are used for tools and clothing.
The Chumash are extremely innovative and resourceful, and find uses for everything that was and is available, including each part of almost every plant.
Chumash rock art is a genre of paintings on caves, mountains, cliffs, or other living rock surfaces, created by the Chumash people of southern California.
The rock painting tradition thrived until the 19th century. Chumash rock art is considered to be some of the most elaborate rock art tradition in the region
The Chumash culture was one of the most unique and advanced in the continent, and there is much to learn from a people who understand the relationship between humankind and earth’s natural resources;
they revere the natural world, for they know life depends on it for survival.
3290 Lang Ranch Pkwy
Thousand Oaks, CA 91362
Wishtoyo Chumash Village
Nicholas Canyon County Beach Park
33904 Pacific Coast Hwy
Malibu, CA 90265